Sunday January 17th 2021

Why are Chants apart of the Mass?

Many of the texts of the Mass in both the Roman and Byzantine Rites are set to music, which is preferred to as Gregorian chant in the Western Church.  The chants contained in each mass can be separated into distinct groups initially:  those that are constant for each and every Mass, or the Ordinary, and those that change according to the feast day being celebrated on the calendar, or the Propers.

The chants of the Ordinary of the Mass are most straightforward in their reforms, and probably later in composition as well; they consist of the following parts:

1.       Kyrie – which is only part of the Roman rite that has remained in the Greek language and is litanic invocation for mercy.

2.       Gloria – the Gloria is a hymn of praise to the Holy Trinity, and occurs at Masses of a certain rank, currently on Sundays and the days with the rank of feast or solemnity.

3.       Credo – the symbol or Credo is a doctrinal compilation of the central tenets of our Catholic Faith as defined by the Church Councils.

4.       Sanctus – A hymn of praise taken from the book of Isaiah.

5.       Agnus Dei – a litanic prayer invoking the mercy of the Lord and asking for His peace.

6.       Ite missa est – the Chant of dismissal to the congregation sung by the deacon at the end of Mass.

The Propers of the Mass are texts set to music the accompany the various liturgical actions of the rite and as such consist of:

1.       Introit – The Introit is the antiphon that is sung as the priest and the ministers enter the church at the beginning of Mass.  It originally consisted of the psalm sung by the choir and/or congregation as the ministers approach the altar.  The text of this antiphon generally comes from the psalms or some other part of sacred scripture, although they can sometimes be other texts.  The structure of the Introit is ABA:  the antiphon is sung in its entirety; a verse from psalms is sung on a recitation tone after; the doxology (“Glory be to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Spirit…”) is sung and the antiphon is repeated.  In general the style of the introits is sober and conducive to congregational singing.

2.        Gradual – the Gradual takes its name from the steps of the ambo, because this was the chant sung as the deacon approached the ambo to chant the Gospel for the day.  Graduals are often florid and virtuosic in their style and are generally sung by a smaller group or schola of more experienced singers.

3.       Alleluia – the Alleluia is sung immediately before the Gospel is chanted or proclaimed.  It consists of a florid singing of the word Alleluia – which is an expression of highest joy and triumph, praising the Lord.  This is followed with a verse with a text from scripture or another source also in a melismatic style, after which the word Alleluia is repeated.

4.       Offertory – the Offertory antiphon is sung during the preparation and offering of the gifts prior to the preface, Sanctus and Eurharistic prayer.

5.       Communion – The Communion antiphon is sung after the priest’s communion.

The treatment of the proper chants of the Mass does not take into account the Sequence – a chant that follows the Alleluia immediately before the Gospel.  Before the Council of Trent (1645 – 1663) Sequences were common and highly localized – each regional church might have its own repertoire of chants.  Trent purged (for good or for ill) all but four of these Sequences: Victimae paschal laudes for Easter; Veni Sancte Spiritus for Pentecost; Lauda Sion Salvatorem for Corpus Christi and the Dies Irae for All Souls and Masses for the dead.  In the 18th century, the Stabat Mater for Our Lady of Sorrows (September 15) was added to the list.  The Norbertine books (like the Dominicans) also counted a sequence Laetabundus (Not in the Roman Missal) for Christmas.

The complex repertory consists of a rich latering of texts and melodies from different times and different books of the Scriptures and is one of the most precious parts of the treasury of the Church – sacred sounds of word and tone that have resonated the air down through the centuries and will continue to do so until the day of the Lord Jesus.

Reader Feedback

5,390 Responses to “Why are Chants apart of the Mass?”

  1. lapak303 says:

    Ρretty nice post. I juset stuhmbled upon your blog and wanted tto say that I have truly enjoyed suring around your blog postѕ.
    Aftfer all I will be subscribіng to your rѕss fred and I
    hope you write ɑgaіn very soon!

    Here iis my web site :: lapak303

  2. wow, awesome post.Really thank you! Really Cool.

  3. I had been suggested this blog through my cousin. I’m no more sure
    if this post is written through him as nobody
    else recognize such certain approximately my difficulty. You
    are amazing! Thanks!

    Feel free to visit my web page happy planner

  4. zanzibar01 says:

    What i don’t understood is in reality how you’re not actually
    much more neatly-favored than you might be right now.
    You are so intelligent. You already know thus considerably on the subject of this
    topic, made me individually imagine it from numerous numerous angles.
    Its like men and women are not fascinated unless it is one thing to do with Lady
    gaga! Your individual stuffs excellent. All the time care for it up!

    My homepage :: zanzibar01

  5. 검증사이트 벳클입니다. 벳클은 신규는 물론 오픈된 먹튀사이트를 철저히 검증하여 먹튀없는 온라인을 만들어가고
    있습니다. 검증사이트 벳클을 사랑하는 여러분의 많은 호응바랍니다.

    여러분의 충실한 검증사이트가 되도록 노력하겠습니다.

  6. Roxie says:

    I simply could not go away your site before suggesting that I actually enjoyed the
    standard info an individual provide in your visitors?
    Is going to be back frequently to investigate cross-check new posts

  7. Hey there! I’m at work browsing your blog from my new iphone! Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look forward to all your posts! Carry on the great work!

  8. I like the valuable information you provide in your articles.
    I will bookmark your weblog and check again here
    regularly. I am quite certain I’ll learn many new stuff right here!
    Good luck for the next!

  9. Thank you for all of your effort on this blog. Gloria really likes carrying out internet research and it’s really easy to understand why. All of us learn all regarding the compelling way you render functional suggestions on the blog and as well as invigorate participation from other individuals about this subject matter so our child is in fact discovering a lot of things. Enjoy the remaining portion of the year. Your carrying out a great job.

  10. I wanted to create you the little word so as to thank you very much the moment again for all the amazing concepts you have provided on this page. This has been quite unbelievably open-handed of people like you to supply openly just what many individuals would have advertised as an electronic book to help with making some bucks for their own end, notably now that you could possibly have done it if you ever decided. These advice additionally acted like a easy way to comprehend other people have similar interest really like my very own to understand a little more related to this issue. I am certain there are several more enjoyable situations ahead for people who start reading your website.

  11. You should be a part of a contest for one of the greatest blogs on the web.

    I most certainly will highly recommend this site!

  12. I’m truly enjoying the design and layout of your site.

    It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more enjoyable
    for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a designer to create your theme?

    Exceptional work!

  13. Just wanted to say thanks! I love sucking dick btw hmu

  14. pg 1 says:

    I needed to write you one bit of note to thank you so much over again for your extraordinary tactics you’ve contributed on this website. It has been tremendously open-handed of people like you to grant unhampered just what most of us could possibly have marketed as an ebook to generate some cash on their own, specifically seeing that you might well have tried it in case you considered necessary. Those points additionally worked like the fantastic way to be certain that some people have the same dream the same as my personal own to realize much more in terms of this matter. I believe there are several more enjoyable times in the future for individuals that see your blog post.

  15. I’m commenting to make you be aware of what a superb experience my friend’s daughter had reading yuor web blog. She came to find numerous issues, which include what it’s like to have a marvelous coaching character to have many others effortlessly master several specialized matters. You really did more than my expectations. Thank you for supplying such useful, dependable, explanatory and even fun guidance on this topic to Gloria.

  16. My spouse and i were lucky Peter managed to carry out his homework by way of the precious recommendations he got through the site. It is now and again perplexing to simply be freely giving helpful tips some other people could have been selling. We realize we need the writer to be grateful to because of that. Most of the explanations you made, the simple site navigation, the friendships you can aid to create – it is all terrific, and it’s facilitating our son in addition to the family imagine that this topic is amusing, and that’s wonderfully indispensable. Many thanks for the whole lot!

  17. Aw, this was an exceptionally nice post. Taking the time and actual effort to produce a top notch article… but what can I say… I put things off a whole lot and don’t manage to get nearly anything done.

  18. Mario Bierut says:

    Greetings! Very useful advice within this post! It’s the little changes that make the most important changes. Thanks a lot for sharing!

  19. pornhub says:

    Hello friends, its enormous piece of writing concerning
    tutoringand entirely defined, keep it up all the time.

  20. I quite like reading through a post that can make men and women think.
    Also, thanks for allowing me to comment!

  21. site says:

    My brother suggested I might like this web site.
    He was entirely right. This post actually made my day.

    You cann’t imagine simply how much time I had spent for this information!

  22. Howdy! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading through this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He always kept preaching about this. I will forward this post to him. Fairly certain he’ll have a very good read. Thanks for sharing!

  23. Cristine says:

    Appreciate the helpful information I love sucking dick btw hmu

  24. Hello, i feel that i noticed you visited my blog
    so i came to go back the prefer?.I am trying to to
    find issues to improve my website!I assume its good enough
    to use a few of your ideas!!

Leave a Reply